SIMILE

Ø In a simile, an explicit comparison is made between two unallied things or ideas.

         The simile (from Lat, 'similis', meaning 'like' or 'likeness') refers to the clear detection of the point of similarity between two objects, different 'in nature', by the word 'like' or 'as'. The following examples may be taken and examined in this connection:

 

*** A comparison will be made between two objects by ‘like’ or ‘as’.

 

Examples:

1. The burglar moves like a cat. 

2. He doth bestride the narrow world like a Colossus. 

3. Red as a rose is she.

4.    Her locks were yellow as gold.

5.    I wondered lonely as a cloud.

6.    To follow knowledge like a sinking star.


“She looks like a Rose”

           Identification:

                          This is a case of Simile.

 Definition:

                          In a Simile, an explicit comparison is made between two different objects.

           Explanation:

                          Here we have the comparison between ‘She’ and ‘a Rose’, two different objects. The comparison as such is made explicit by the use of ‘like’.




METAPHOR


  In a metaphor, an implied comparison is made between two different things or ideas.

         The metaphor is an informal or implied simile. Here the words, as, so, like, etc., which are used in a simile to show clearly the likeness between two things, different in kind, are dropped. The comparison exists implicitly in a metaphor in a statement of identity between two different objects. The following are some standard examples of metaphors;

 

Examples:

    1.    The camel is the ship of the desert. ***

    2.    He is the pillar of the state. *

    3.    Variety is the spice of life. *

    4.    The ice mast high came floating by.

    5.    I will drink life to the lees.

    6.    This rudeness is a sauce to his good wit.

 

v The essential features of a metaphor may be enumerated thus:

(i) A comparison is made.

(ii) The comparison is between two things different in kind.

(iii) The point of comparison is implied.

 [These essential features are all evident in the examples given above.]



“The camel is the ship of the desert”

        Identification:

This is a case of Metaphor.

        Definition:

                          In a Metaphor, an implicit comparison is made between two different objects.

 

                  Explanation:


                          Here we have the comparison between ‘The camel’ and ‘the ship’, two different objects. The comparison as such is not made explicit.

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He is the pillar of the state

    Identification:

This is a case of Metaphor.

    Definition:

                          In a Metaphor, an implicit comparison is made between two different objects.

 

    Explanation:

                          Here we have the comparison between ‘He’ and ‘pillar’, two different objects. The comparison as such is not made explicit.

 


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Variety is the spice of life

        Identification:

This is a case of Metaphor.

        Definition:

                          In a Metaphor, an implicit comparison is made between two different objects.

    Explanation:

                          Here we have the comparison between ‘He’ and ‘pillar’, two different objects. The comparison as such is not made explicit.

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